Aggression

, Volume 1

This article is about the Qurʾānic concept of aggression as encapsulated through two words—iʿtadā and ʿudwān—derived from the root ʿ-d-w/y, which carries the following meanings: “the two sides of a valley; to cross from one side to the other; to run; aggression; animosity; enmity; corruption” (Farāhīdī, ʿAyn; Ibn Fāris, Maqāyīs; Fayrūzābādī, Qāmūs; Zabīdī, Tāj; Ibn…

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