Abbreviations of Frequently Cited Works

ʿAbd al-Bāqī. Muʿjam =

ʿAbd al-Bāqī, Muḥammad Fuʾād. al-Muʿjam al-mufahras li-alfāẓ al-Qurʾān al-karīm. Cairo: Dār al-Ḥadīth, 1428/2007.

ʿAbd al-Razzāq. Muṣannaf =

ʿAbd al-Razzāq b. Hammām al-Ṣanʿānī. al-Muṣannaf. Ed. Ḥabīb al-Raḥmān al-Aʿẓamī. 11 vols. 3rd vol. India: al-Majlis al-ʿIlmī [Beirut: al-Maktab al-Islāmī], 1403.

ʿAbd al-Razzāq. Tafsīr =

ʿAbd al-Razzāq b. Hammām al-Ṣanʿānī. Tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Ed. Muṣṭafā Muslim Muḥammad. 3 vols. Riyadh: Maktabat al-Rushd, 1410/1989.

Abū Dāwūd. Sunan =

Abū Dāwūd Sulaymān b. al-Ashʿath al-Azdī al-Sijistānī. Sunan. Ed. Muḥammad ʿAwwāma. 5 vols. 2nd ed. Jeddah: Dār al-Qibla lil-Thaqāfat al-Islāmiyya; Beirut: Muʾassasat al-Rayyān, 1419/1998.

Abū Ḥayyān. Baḥr =

Abū Ḥayyān al-Andalusī, Muḥammad b. Yūsuf. Tafsīr al-Baḥr al-muḥīṭ. Ed. ʿĀdil Aḥmad ʿAbd al-Mawjūd et al. 8 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1413/1993.

Abū al-Suʿūd. Irshād =

Abū al-Suʿūd Muḥammad b. Muḥammad al-ʿAmādī. Tafsīr Abū al-Suʿūd al-musammā Irshād al-ʿaql al-salīm. 9 vols. in 4. 2nd ed. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, 1411/1990.

Abū ʿUbayd. Gharīb =

Abū ʿUbayd al-Qāsim b. Sallām al-Harawī. Kitāb Gharīb al-ḥadīth. Ed. Ḥusayn Muḥammad Muḥammad Sharaf. 6 vols. Cairo: al-Hayʾat al-ʿĀmma li-Shuʾūn al-Maṭābiʿ al-Amīriyya, 1403/1983.

Aḥmad. Musnad =

Ibn Ḥanbal, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad. al-Musnad. Ed. Shuʿayb al-Arnaʾūṭ et al. 50 vols. Beirut: Muʾassasat al-Risāla, 1999-2001.

Ālūsī. Rūḥ =

al-Ālūsī, Abū al-Faḍl Shihāb al-Dīn al-Sayyid Maḥmūd b. ʿAbdallāh. Rūḥ al-maʿānī fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān al-ʿaẓīm wal-sabʿ al-mathānī. 30 vols. in 15. Cairo: Idārat al-Ṭibāʿat al-Munīriyya, 1345⁄1926. Repr. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, [1970?].

Azharī. Tahdhīb =

al-Azharī, Abū Manṣūr Muḥammad b. Aḥmad. Tahdhīb al-lugha. Ed. ʿAbd al-Salām Muḥammad Hārūn et al. 15 vols. Cairo: al-Dār al-Miṣriyya lil-Taʾlīf wal-Tarjama, 1966.

Baghawī. Tafsīr =

al-Baghawī, Abū Muḥammad al-Ḥusayn b. Masʿūd al-Farrāʾ. Tafsīr al-Baghawī al-musammā Maʿālim al-tanzīl. Ed. ʿAbd al-Razzāq al-Mahdī. 5 vols. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, 1420/2000.

Bayḍāwī. Tafsīr =

al-Bayḍāwī, Nāṣir al-Dīn Abū Saʿīd ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿUmar. Tafsīr al-Bayḍāwī al-musammā Anwār al-tanzīl wa-asrār al-taʾwīl. Ed. Muḥammad Ṣubḥī b. Ḥasan Ḥallāq and Maḥmūd Aḥmad al-Aṭrash. 3 vols. Damascus: Dār al-Rashīd; Beirut: Muʾassasat al-Īmān, 2000.

Bayhaqī. Sunan =

Abū Bakr Aḥmad b. al-Ḥusayn al-Bayhaqī. al-Sunan al-kubrā. With Ibn al-Turkmānī’s al-Jawhar al-naqy. 10 vols. Hyderabad, Deccan: Maṭbaʿat Majlis Dāʾirat al-Maʿārif al-ʿUthmāniyya, 1355/1937.

Bazzār. Musnad =

al-Bazzār, Abū Bakr Aḥmad b. ʿUmar b. ʿAbd al-Khāliq al-ʿUtaykī. al-Baḥr al-zakhkhār al-maʿrūf bi-Musnad al-Bazzār. Ed. Maḥfūẓ al-Raḥmān Zayn Allāh and ʿĀdil b. Saʿd. 15 vols. Beirut: Muʾassasat ʿUlūm al-Qurʾān; Madina: Maktabat al-ʿUlūm wal-Ḥikam, 1409-1427/1988-2006.

Bukhārī. Ṣaḥīḥ =

al-Bukhārī, Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad b. Ismāʿīl b. Ibrāhīm b. al-Mughīra al-Juʿfī. al-Jāmiʿ al-ṣaḥīḥ: wa-huwa al-Jāmiʿ al-musnad al-ṣaḥīḥ al-mukhtaṣar min umūr Rasūl Allāh ṣallā Allāh ʿalayh wa-sallam wa-sunanih wa-ayyāmih. Ed. Muḥammad al-Zuhrī al-Ghamrāwī. 8 vols. in 3. 2nd ed. Bulāq: al-Maṭbaʿat al-Kubrā al-Amīriyya, 1314/1896. Repr. Cairo: al-Maṭbaʿat al-Maymūniyya [Muṣṭafā Bābā al-Ḥalabī et al.], 1323/1905.

Dāmaghānī. Wujūh wal-naẓāʾir =

al-Dāmaghānī, Abū ʿAbd Allāh al-Ḥusayn b. Muḥammad. al-Wujūh wal-naẓāʾir li-alfāẓ Kitāb Allāh al-ʿAzīz. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1424/2003.

Dāraquṭnī. Sunan =

al-Dāraquṭnī, Abū al-Ḥasan ʿAlī b. ʿUmar. Sunan. Ed. Shuʿayb al-Arnaʾūṭ, Ḥasan ʿAbd al-Munʿim Shiblī, ʿAbd al-Laṭīf Ḥirz Allāh, and Aḥmad Barhūm. 5 vols. Beirut: Muʾassasat al-Risāla, 1424/2004.

Dārimī. Sunan =

al-Dārimī, Abū Muḥammad ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. al-Faḍl b. Bahrām. Sunan al-Dārimī. Ed. Muṣṭafā Dīb al-Bughā. 2 vols. Damascus: Dār al-Qalam, 1412/1991.

Farāhīdī. ʿAyn =

al-Farāhīdī, Abū ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Khalīl b. Aḥmad. Kitāb al-ʿAyn. Ed. Mahdī al-Makhzūmī and Ibrāhīm al-Sāmarrāʾī. 8 vols. [Baghdād]: al-Jumhūriyyat al-ʿIrāqiyya, Wizārat al-Thaqāfa wal-Iʿlām, Dār al-Rashīd: Tawzīʿ al-Dār al-Waṭaniyya, 1980-1985.

Farrāʾ. Maʿānī =

al-Farrāʾ, Abū Zakariyyā Yaḥyā b. Ziyād. Maʿānī al-Qurʾān. Ed. Muḥammad ʿAlī al-Najjār & Aḥmad Yūsuf Najātī. 3rd ed. 3 vols. Beirut: ʿĀlam al-Kutub, 1403/1983.

Fayrūzābādī. Baṣāʾir =

al-Fayrūzābādī, Majd al-Dīn Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb. Baṣāʾir dhawī al-tamyīz fī laṭāʾif al-Kitāb al-ʿazīz. Ed. Muḥammad ʿAlī al-Najjār. 6 vols. Beirut: al-Maktabat al-ʿIlmiyya, ca.1980.

Fayrūzābādī. Qāmūs =

al-Fayrūzābādī, Majd al-Dīn Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb. al-Qāmūs al-muḥīt. 4 vols. 3rd ed. Cairo: al-Matbaʿat al-Amīriyya, 1301/1884. Repr. Cairo: al-Hayʾat al-Miṣriyya lil-Kitāb, 1400/1980.

Fayyūmī. Miṣbāḥ =

al-Fayyūmī, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-Maqqarī. al-Miṣbāḥ al-munīr fī gharīb al-Sharḥ al-kabīr lil-Rāfiʿī. 2 vols. Cairo: Maṭbaʿat al-Taqaddum al-ʿIlmiyya, 1323/1905.

al-Dhahabī. Siyar =

al-Dhahabī, Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad b. Aḥmad. Siyar aʿlām al-nubalāʾ. Ed. Shuʿayb al-Arnaʾūṭ. 11th ed. 25 vols. Beirut: Muʾassasat al-Risāla, 1417/1996.

Ghazālī. Iḥyāʾ =

al-Ghazālī, Abū Hāmid Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. Aḥmad. Iḥyāʾ ʿulūm al-dīn. 4 vols. Cairo: Muṣṭafā al-Bābī al-Ḥalabī, 1346/1927. Repr. 1377/1957 with an introduction by Badawī Ṭabāna.

Ghazālī/Zabīdī. Iḥyāʾ/Itḥāf =

al-Ghazālī, Abū Hāmid Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. Aḥmad. Iḥyāʾ ʿulūm al-dīn. In al-Zabīdī, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad Murtaḍā. Itḥāf al-sādat al-muttaqīn bi-sharḥ asrār Iḥyāʾ ʿulūm al-dīn. With the text of the Iḥyāʾ in the margins, ʿAbd al-Qādir b. ʿAbd Allāh al-ʿAydarūs Bā ʿAlawī’s Taʿrīf al-aḥyāʾ bi-faḍāʾil al-Iḥyāʾ, and al-Ghazālī’s al-Imlāʾ ʿan ishkālāt al-Iḥyāʾ. 10 vols. Cairo: al-Maṭbaʿat al-Maymaniyya, 1311/1893.

Ḥākim. Mustadrak =

al-Ḥākim al-Naysābūrī, Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad b. ʿAbd Allāh b. al-Bayyiʿ. al-Mustadrak ʿalā al-Ṣaḥīḥayn. With al-Dhahabī’s Talkhīṣ al-Mustadrak. 5 vols. Indices by Yūsuf ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Marʿashlī. Beirut: Dār al-Maʿrifa, 1986. Repr. of the 1334/1916 Hyderabad edition.

Haythamī. Majmaʿ =

al-Haythamī, ʿAlī b. Abī Bakr. Majmaʿ al-zawāʾid wa-manbaʿ al-fawāʾid. 10 vols. Cairo: Dār al-Rayyān lil-Turāth, 1407/1987.

Ibn Abī Ḥātim. Tafsīr =

Ibn Abī Ḥātim, ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Muḥammad b. Idrīs al-Rāzī. Tafsīr al-Qurʾān al-ʿaẓīm musnadan ʿan Rasūl Allāh ṣallā Allāh ʿalayh wa-sallam wal-Ṣaḥāba wal-Tābiʿīn. Ed. Asʿad Muḥammad al-Ṭayyib. 14 vols. Makka and Riyadh: Maktabat Nizār Muṣṭafā al-Bāz, 1417/1997.

Ibn Abī Shayba. Muṣannaf =

Ibn Abī Shayba al-ʿAbsī al-Kūfī, Abū Bakr ʿAbd Allāh b. Muḥammad. al-Muṣannaf fī-l-aḥādīth wal-āthār. Ed. Kamāl Yūsuf al-Ḥūt. 7 vols. Riyadh: Maktabat al-Rashīd, 1409/1988.

Ibn ʿĀdil. Lubāb =

Ibn ʿĀdil al-Dimashqī al-Ḥanbalī, Abū Ḥafṣ ʿUmar b. ʿAlī. al-Lubāb fī ʿulūm al-Kitāb. Ed. ʿĀdil Aḥmad ʿAbd al-Mawjūd et al. 20 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1419/1998.

Ibn ʿAjība. Baḥr =

Ibn ʿAjība al-Ḥasanī al-Idrīsī al-Shādhilī al-Fāsī, Abū al-ʿAbbād Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. al-Mahdī. al-Baḥr al-madīd fī tafsīr al-Kitāb al-Majīd. 8 vols. 2nd ed. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1423/2002.

Ibn al-ʿArabī. Aḥkām =

Ibn al-ʿArabī, Abū Bakr Muḥammad b. ʿAbd Allāh. Aḥkām al-Qurʾān. Ed. Muḥammad ʿAbd al-Qādir ʿAṭā. 4 vols. 3rd ed. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1424/2003.

Ibn ʿĀshūr. Tafsīr =

Ibn ʿĀshūr, Muḥammad al-Ṭāhir. Tafsīr al-taḥrīr wal-tanwīr. 30 vols. Tunis: al-Dār al-Tūnisiyya lil-Nashr, 1984.

Ibn al-Athīr. Kāmil =

Ibn al-Athīr, ʿIzz al-Dīn Abū al-Ḥasan ʿAlī b. Abī al-Karam Muḥammad b. Muḥammad al-Jazarī. al-Kāmil fī-l-tārīkh. Ed. ʿUmar ʿAbd al-Salām Tadmīrī. 10 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Kitāb al-ʿArabī, 1417/1997.

Ibn al-Athīr. Nihāya =

Ibn al-Athīr, Majd al-Dīn Abū al-Saʿādāt al-Mubārak b. Muḥammad al-Jazarī. al-Nihāya fī gharīb al-ḥadīth wal-athar. Ed. Ṭāhir Aḥmad al-Zāwī and Maḥmūd Muḥammad al-Ṭanāḥī. 5 vols. Beirut: al-Maktabat al-ʿIlmiyya, 1399/1979.

Ibn al-Athīr. Usd al-ghāba =

Ibn al-Athīr, ʿIzz al-Dīn Abū al-Ḥasan ʿAlī b. Abī al-Karam Muḥammad b. Muḥammad al-Jazarī. Usd al-ghāba fī maʿrifa al-ṣaḥāba. Ed. ʿĀdil al-Rafāʿī. 8 vols. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, 1417/1996.

Ibn ʿAṭiyya. Muḥarrar =

Ibn ʿAṭiyya al-Andalusī, Abū Muḥammad ʿAbd al-Ḥaqq b. Ghālib. al-Muḥarrar al-wajīz fī tafsīr al-Kitāb al-ʿAzīz. 6 vols. Ed. ʿAbd al-Salām ʿAbd al-Shāfī Muḥammad. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1422/2001.

Ibn Durayd. Jamhara =

Ibn Durayd, Abū Bakr Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan. Kitāb Jamharat al-lugha. 4 vols. Hyderabad: Maṭbaʿat Majlis Dāʾirat al-Maʿārif, 1344-1345/1925-1927.

Ibn Fāris. Maqāyīs =

Ibn Fāris, Abū al-Ḥusayn Aḥmad. Muʿjam maqāyīs al-lugha. Ed. ʿAbd al-Salām Hārūn. 6 vols. Beirut: al-Dār al-Islāmiyya, 1410/1990.

Ibn Ḥajar. Fatḥ al-Bārī =

Ibn Ḥajar, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-ʿAsqalānī. Fatḥ al-bārī. Ed. Muḥammad Fuʾād ʿAbd al-Bāqī and Muḥibb al-Dīn al-Khaṭib. 14 vols. Cairo: Dār al-Rayyān, 1987/1407.

Ibn Ḥibbān. Ṣaḥīḥ =

Ibn Ḥibbān al-Bustī, Abū Ḥātim Muḥammad. Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Ḥibbān bi-tartīb Ibn Balbān. Ed. Shuʿayb al-Arnāʾūṭ. 2nd ed. 18 vols. Beirut: Muʾassasat al-Risāla, 1414/1993.

Ibn Hishām. Sīra =

Ibn Hishām, Abū Muḥammad ʿAbd al-Malik. al-Sīrat al-Nabawiyya. Ed. Muṣṭafā al-Saqqā, Ibrāhīm al-Abyārī, and ʿAbd al-Ḥafīẓ Shalabī. 4 vols. in 2. 2nd ed. Beirut: Dār al-Wifāq, 1375/1955.

Ibn Jamāʿa. Ghurar =

Ibn Jamāʿa al-Kinānī, Badr al-Dīn Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad b. Ibrāhīm. Ghurar al-tibyān fī-mā lam yusamma fīl-Qurʾān. Ed. ʿAbd al-Jawād Khalaf. Damascus: Dār Qutayba, 1410/1990.

Ibn al-Jawzī. Zād =

Ibn al-Jawzī al-Qurashī al-Baghdādī, Abū al-Faraj Jamāl al-Dīn ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. ʿAlī b. Muḥammad. Zād al-masīr fī ʿilm al-tafsīr. 9 vols. 3rd ed. Beirut: al-Maktab al-Islāmī, 1404/1984.

Ibn Juzay. Tafsīr =
Ibn Juzay al-Kalbī, Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad b. Aḥmad b. Muḥammad. Tafsīr Ibn Juzay [al-Tas-hīl li-ʿulūm al-tanzīl]. Ed. Lajnat Taḥqīq al-Turāth fī Dār al-Kitāb al-ʿArabī. Beirut: Dār al-Kitāb al-ʿArabī, 1403/1983.

Ibn Khallikān. Wafayāt

Ibn Khallikān, Abū Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. Abī Bakr. Wafayāt al-aʿyān wa anbaʾ abnaʾ al-zamān. Ed. Iḥsān ʿAbbās. 8 vols. Beirut: Dār Ṣādir, 1972.

Ibn Kathīr. Bidāya =

Ibn Kathīr, ʿImād al-Dīn Ismāʿīl b. ʿUmar. al-Bidāya wal-nihāya. Ed. ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿAbd al-Muḥsin al-Turkī et al. 21 vols. Cairo: Dār Hajar, 1418/1998.

Ibn Kathīr. Tafsīr =

Ibn Kathīr, ʿImād al-Dīn Ismāʿīl b. ʿUmar. Tafsīr al-Qurʾān al-ʿaẓīm. Ed. Muṣṭafā al-Sayyid Muḥammad et al. 15 vols. Jīza: Muʾassasat Qurṭuba, 1421/2000.

Ibn Mājah. Sunan =

Ibn Mājah, Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad b. Yazīd. Sunan. Ed. Bashshār ʿAwwād Maʿrūf. 6 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Jīl, 1418/1998.

Ibn Manẓūr. Lisān =

Ibn Manẓūr, Abū al-Faḍl Jamāl al-Dīn Muḥammad b. Mu­karram. Lisān al-ʿArab. 15 vols. Beirut: Dār Ṣādir, [1968].

Ibn al-Mundhir. Tafsīr =

Ibn al-Mundhir al-Naysābūrī, Abū Bakr Muḥammad b. Ibrāhīm. Kitāb tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Ed. Saʿd b. Muḥmmad al-Saʿd. 2 vols. al-Madīnat al-Nabawiyya: Dār al-Maʾāthir, 1423/2002.

Ibn Qayyim. Zād al-maʿād =

Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya al-Zurʿī, Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad b. Abī Bakr b. Ayyūb. Zād al-maʿād fī hady Khayr al-ʿibād. Ed. Shuʿayb and ʿAbd al-Qādir al-Arnaʾūṭ. 5 vols. 27th ed. Beirut: Muʾassasat al-Risāla, 1415/1994.

Ibn Qudāma. Mughnī =

Ibn Qudāma, Muwaffaq al-Dīn Abū Muḥammad ʿAbd Allāh b. Aḥmad b. Muḥammad al-Maqdisī al-Jammāʿilī al-Dimashqī. al-Mughnī. Ed. ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿAbd al-Muḥsin al-Turkī and ʿAbd al-Fattāḥ Muḥammad al-Ḥilū. 15 vols. 3rd ed. Riyadh: Dār ʿĀlam al-Kutub, 1417/1997.

Ibn Qutayba. Gharīb =

Ibn Qutayba, Abū Muḥammad ʿAbd Allāh b. Muslim al-Dīnawarī. Tafsīr gharīb al-Qurʾān. Ed. Sayyid Aḥmad Ṣaqr. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1398/1978.

Ibn Saʿd. Ṭabaqāt =

Ibn Saʿd b. Manīʿ al-Zuhrī, Muḥammad. al-Ṭabaqāt al-kubrā. Ed. ʿAlī Muḥammad ʿUmar. 11 vols. Cairo: Maktabat al-Khānjī, 1421/2001.

Ibn Sīda. Muḥkam =

Ibn Sīda, ʿAlī b. Ismāʿīl. al-Muḥkam wal-muḥīṭ al-aʿẓam fī-l-lugha. Ed. Ḥusayn Naṣṣār et al. 7 vols. Cairo: Maʿhad al-Makhṭūṭāt bi-Jāmiʿat al-Duwal al-ʿArabiyya, 1377/1958.

ʿIyāḍ. Shifā =

ʿIyāḍ b. Mūsā al-Yaḥṣubī, al-Qāḍī Abū l-Faḍl. al-Shifā bi-taʿrīf ḥuqūq al-Muṣṭafā. Ed. ʿAbduh ʿAlī Kawshak. Damascus: Maktabat al-Ghazālī; Beirut: Dār al-Fayḥāʾ, 1420/2000.

Jalālayn. Tafsīr =

See Ṣāwī. Ḥāshiya.

Jaṣṣāṣ. Aḥkām al-Qurʾān =

al-Jaṣṣāṣ, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī Abū Bakr al-Rāzī. Tafsīr aḥkām al-Qurʾān. Ed. ʿAbd al-Salām Muḥammad ʿAlī Shāhīn. 3 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1415/1994.

Jawharī. Ṣiḥāḥ =

al-Jawharī, Ismāʿīl b. Ḥammād. al-Ṣiḥāḥ: Tāj al-lugha wa-ṣiḥāḥ al-ʿarabiyya. Ed. Aḥmad ʿAbd al-Ghafūr ʿAṭṭār. 7 vols. 4th ed. Beirut: Dār al-ʿIlm lil-Malāyīn, 1410/1990.

Khaṭīb. Tārīkh =

al-Khaṭīb al-Baghdādī, Abū Bakr Aḥmad b. ʿAlī. Tārīkh Baghdād. 14 vols. Cairo: Maktabat al-Khānjī, 1349⁄1931.

al-Khāzin. Tafsīr =

al-Khāzin, ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn ʿAlī b. Muḥammad b. Ibrāhīm. Lubāb al-taʾwīl fī maʿānī al-tanzīl. Ed. Muḥammad ʿAlī Shāhīn. 4 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya; Cairo: Naẓārat al-Maʿārif, 1415/1995.

Makkī. Hidāya =

Makkī b. Abī Ṭālib al-Qaysī. al-Hidāya ilā bulūgh al-nihāya. Ed. al-Shāhid al-Būshaykhī et al. 13 vols. Sharjah: University of Sharjah, 1429/2008.

Mālik. Muwaṭṭaʾ =

Mālik b. Anas. Muwaṭṭaʾ al-imām Mālik. Ed. Muḥammad Muṣṭafā al-Aʿẓamī. 8 vols. Abu Dhabi: Muʾassasat Zāyid b. Sulṭān Āl Nahayān, 1425/2004.

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Makkī b. Abī Ṭālib al-Qaysī, Abū Muḥammad. al-Hidāya ilā bulūgh al-nihāya. Ed. al-Shāhid al-Būshaykhī et al. 13 vols. Sharjah: Kulliyyat al-Dirāsāt al-ʿUlyā, Jāmiʿat al-Shāriqa, 1429/2008.

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al-Māturīdī, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad Abū Manṣūr. Taʾwīlāt ahl al-Sunna (tafsīr al-Māturīdī). Ed. Majdī Bāsallūm. 10 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1426/2005 .

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al-Māwardī, Abū al-Ḥasan ʿAlī b. Muḥammad b. Ḥabīb. al-Nukat wal-ʿuyūn: Tafsīr al-Māwardī. Ed. Sayyid b. ʿAbd al-Maqṣūd b. ʿAbd al-Raḥīm. 6 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1992.

Mujāhid. Tafsīr =

Mujāhid b. Jabr. Tafsīr. Ed. Muḥammad ʿAbd al-Salām Abū al-Nīl. Madīna Naṣr: Dār al-Fikr al-Islāmī al-Ḥadītha, 1989/1410.

Muqātil. Wujūh =

Muqātil b. Sulaymān al-Balkhī. al-Wujūh wal-naẓā’ir. Ed. Ḥātim Ṣāliḥ al-Ḍāmin. Dubai: Markaz Jumʿat al-Mājid lil-Thaqāfa wal-Turāth, 1427/2006.

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al-Naḥḥās, Abū Jaʿfar Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. Ismāʿīl. Iʿrāb al-Qurʾān. Ed. Zuhayr Ghāzī Zāhid. 5 vols. 2nd ed. Beirut: ʿĀlam al-Kutub and Maktabat al-Nahḍat al-ʿArabiyya, 1405/1985.

Naḥḥās. Maʿānī =

al-Naḥḥās, Abū Jaʿfar Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. Ismāʿīl. Maʿānī al-Qurʾān al-Karīm. Ed. Muḥammad ʿAlī al-Ṣābūnī. 6 vols. Makka: Jāmiʿat Umm al-Qurā, 1409/1988.

Nasafī. Tafsīr =

al-Nasafī, Abū al-Barakāt ʿAbd Allāh b. Aḥmad b. Maḥmūd. Tafsīr al-Nasafī: Madārik al-Tanzīl wa-ḥaqāʾiq al-taʾwīl. Ed. Yūsuf ʿAlī Budaywī and Muḥyī al-Dīn Dīb Mustū. 3 vols. Damascus and Beirut: Dār Ibn Kathīr, 1426/2005.

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al-Nasāʾī, Abū ʿAbd al-Raḥmān Aḥmad b. Shuʿayb b. ʿAlī. Sunan al-Nasāʾī bi-sharḥ al-ḥāfiẓ Jalāl al-Dīn al-Suyūṭī wa-ḥāshiyat al-imām al-Sindī. 8 vols. [Cairo]: al-Maṭbaʿat al-Miṣriyya, 1348/1930. Repr. 8 vols. in 4. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, n.d.

Nawawī. Sharḥ Muslim =

al-Nawawī, Abū Zakariyyā Yaḥyā b. Sharaf. Sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim. Ed. Khalīl Maʾmūn Shīḥā. 19 vols. in 10. Beirut: Dār al-Maʿrifa, 1994.

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al-Nawawī, Muḥyī al-Dīn Yaḥyā b. Sharaf. Riyāḍ al-ṣāliḥīn. Ed. Māhar Yāsīn al-Faḥl. Damascus and Beirut: Dār Ibn Kathīr, 1428/2007.

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al-Nawawī, Muḥyī al-Dīn Yaḥyā b. Sharaf. Tahdhīb al-asmāʾ wal-lughāt. 4 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, n.d.

Qummī. Gharāʾib =

Al-Qummī al-Naysābūrī, Niẓām al-Dīn al-Ḥasan b. Muḥammad b. Ḥusayn. Gharāʾib al-Qurʾān wa-raghāʾib al-Furqān. Ed. Zakariyyā ʿUmayrān. 6 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1416/1996.

Qurṭubī. Tafsīr =

al-Qurṭubī, Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad b. Aḥmad. al-Jāmiʿ li-aḥkām al-Qurʾān wal-mubayyin li-mā taḍammanahu min al-Sunna wa-āy al-Furqān. Ed. ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿAbd al-Muḥsin al-Turkī and Muḥammad Riḍwān ʿAraqsūsī. 24 vols. Beirut: Muʾassasat al-Risāla, 1427/2006.

Qushayrī. Tafsīr =

al-Qushayrī, Zayn al-Islām Abū al-Qāsim ʿAbd al-Karīm b. Hawāzin b. ʿAbd al-Mālik al-Naysābūrī. Laṭāʾif al-ishārāt: Tafsīr ṣūfī kāmil lil-Qurʾān. Ed. Ibrāhīm Bayyūnī. 6 vols. Cairo: al-Hayʾat al-Miṣriyya al-ʿĀmma lil-Taʾlīf wal-Nashr, 1390/1971.

Rāghib. Mufradāt =

al-Rāghib al-Aṣfahānī, Abū al-Ḥusayn al-Qāsim b. Muḥammad b. al-Mufaḍḍal. Mufradāt alfāẓ al-Qurʾān. Ed. Ṣafwān ʿAdnān Dāwūdī. 4th ed. Damascus: Dār al-Qalam, 1430/2009.

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al-Rāghib al-Aṣfahānī, Abū al-Ḥusayn al-Qāsim b. Muḥammad b. al-Mufaḍḍal. Tafsīr al-Rāghib al-Aṣfahānī. Vol. 1, Ed. Muḥammad ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Basyūnī. Ṭanṭā: Kulliyyat al-Ādāb, 1420/1999; Vols. 2 and 3, Ed. ʿĀdil b. ʿAlī al-Shidī. Riyadh: Dār al-waṭn, 1424/2003; Vols. 4 and 5, Ed. Hind bint Muḥammad b. Zāhid Sardār. Makka: Kulliyyat al-Daʿwa wa Uṣūl al-dīn, Jāmiʿat Umm al-Qurā, 1422/2001.

Rāzī. Tafsīr =

al-Rāzī, Fakhr al-Dīn Muḥammad b. ʿUmar. Tafsīr al-Fakhr al-Rāzī al-mushtahar bil-Tafsīr al-kabīr wa-Mafātīḥ al-ghayb. 32 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1401/1981.

Samʿānī. Tafsīr =

al-Samʿānī al-Tamīmī al-Marwazī, Manṣūr b. Muḥammad b. ʿAbd al-Jabbār. Tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Ed. Abū Tamīm Yāsir b. Ibrāhīm and Abū Bilāl Ghunaym b. ʿAbbās Ghunaym. 6 vols. Riyadh: Dār al-Waṭan, 1997.

Ṣamarqandī. Baḥr =

Abū al-Layth al-Samarqandī, Naṣr b. Muḥammad b. Ibrāhīm. Tafsīr al-Samarqandī al-musammā Baḥr al-ʿulūm. Ed. ʿAlī Muḥammad Muʿawwaḍ et al. 3 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1993.

Samīn. Durr =

al-Samīn al-Ḥalabī, Aḥmad b. Yūsuf. al-Durr al-maṣūn fī ʿulūm al-Kitāb al-Maknūn. Ed. Aḥmad Muḥammad al-Kharrāṭ. 11 vols. Damascus: Dār al-Qalam, 1986-1991.

Ṣāwī. Ḥāshiya =

al-Ṣāwī, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad al-Mālikī. Ḥāshiyat al-ʿAllāmat al-Ṣāwī ʿalā Tafsīr al-Jalālayn. With al-Maḥallī and al-Suyūṭī’s Tafsīr al-Jalālayn. 4 vols. Cairo: al-Maktabat al-Kubrā, 1295/1878. Repr. Beirut: Dār al-Jīl, n.d.

Shawkānī. Fatḥ al-qadīr =

al-Shawkānī, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī b. Muḥammad. Fatḥ al-qadīr al-jāmiʿ bayn fannay al-riwāya wal-dirāya min ʿilm al-tafsīr. Ed. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān ʿUmayra. 6 vols. Cairo: Dār al-Wafā, 1414/1994.

Shinqīṭī. Aḍwāʾ =

al-Shinqīṭī, Muḥammad al-Amīn b. Muḥammad al-Mukhtār al-Jakanī. Aḍwāʾ al-Bayān fī īḍāḥ al-Qurʾān bil-Qurʾān. 9 vols. Makka: Dār ʿIlm al-Fawāʾid, 1426/2005.

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al-Suyūṭī, Jalāl al-Dīn ʿAbd al-Raḥmān. al-Durr al-manthūr fī-l-tafsīr bil-maʾthūr. Ed. ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿAbd al-Muḥsin al-Turkī. 17 vols. Cairo: Markaz Hajar lil-Buḥūth wal-Dirāsāt al-ʿArabiyya wal-Islāmiyya, 1424/2003.

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al-Suyūṭī, Jalāl al-Dīn ʿAbd al-Raḥmān. al-Itqān fī ʿulūm al-Qurʾān. Ed. Muṣṭafā Dīb al-Bughā. 2 vols. Damascus and Beirut: Dār Ibn Kathīr, 1414/1993.

Ṭabarānī. Kabīr =

al-Ṭabarānī, Abū l-Qāsim Sulaymān b. Aḥmad. al-Muʿjam al-kabīr. Ed. Ḥamdī ʿAbd al-Majīd al-Salafī. 25 vols. 2nd ed. Baghdad: Wizārat al-Awqāf, 1984-1990. Repr. Cairo: Maktabat Ibn Taymiyya, n.d.

Ṭabarānī. Awsaṭ =

al-Ṭabarānī, Abū al-Qāsim Sulaymān b. Aḥmad. al-Muʿjam al-awsaṭ. Ed. Ṭāriq b. ʿAwwaḍ Allāh b. Muḥammad and ʿAbd al-Muḥsin b. Ibrāhīm al-Ḥusaynī. 10 vols. Cairo: Dār al-Ḥaramayn, 1415/1994.

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al-Ṭabarī, Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad b. Jarīr. Tafsīr al-Ṭabarī: Jāmiʿ al-bayān ʿan taʾwīl āy al-Qurʾān. Ed. ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿAbd al-Muḥsin al-Turkī et al. 26 vols. Cairo: Dār Hajar, 1422/2001.

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Ṭaḥāwī. Mushkil =

al-Ṭaḥāwī, Abū Jaʿfar Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. Salāma al-Azdī. Sharḥ Mushkil al-Āthār. Ed. Shuʿayb al-Arnāʾūṭ. 16 vols. Beirut: Muʾassasat al-Risāla, 1415/1994.

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al-Thaʿlabī al-Naysābūrī, Abū Isḥāq Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. Ibrāhīm. al-Kashf wal-bayān al-maʿrūf bi-Tafsīr al-Thaʿlabī. Ed. Abū Muḥammad Ibn ʿĀshūr and Naẓīr al-Sāʿidī. 10 vols. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, 1422/2002.

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Tustarī. Tafsīr =

al-Tustarī, Abū Muḥammad Sahl b. ʿAbd Allāh b. Yūnus b. Rafīʿ. Tafsīr. Ed. Muḥammad Bāsil ʿUyūn al-Sūd. Beirut: Manshūrāt Muḥammad ʿAlī Bayḍūn/Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1423.

Wāḥidī. Basīṭ =

al-Wāḥidī al-Naysābūrī, Abū al-Ḥasan ʿAlī b. Aḥmad. al-Tafsīr al-basīṭ. Ed. Muḥammad b. Ṣāliḥ al-Fawzān et al. 25 vols. Riyadh: Jāmiʿat al-Imām Muḥammad b. Saʿūd, 1430/2009.

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al-Wāḥidī al-Naysābūrī, Abū al-Ḥasan ʿAlī b. Aḥmad. al-Wajīz fī tafsīr al-Kitāb al-ʿAzīz. Ed. Ṣafwān ʿAdnān Dāwūdī. Damascus: Dār al-Qalam; Beirut: al-Dār al-Shāmiyya, 1415/1994.

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al-Wāḥidī al-Naysābūrī, Abū al-Ḥasan ʿAlī b. Aḥmad. al-Wasīṭ fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān al-majīd. Ed. ʿĀdil Aḥmad ʿAbd al-Mawjūd et al. 4 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1415/1994.

Yaḥyā b. Sallām. Tafsīr =

Yaḥyā b. Sallām al-Baṣrī. Tafsīr Yaḥyā b. Sallām al-Taymī al-Baṣrī al-Qayrawānī. Ed. Hind Shalabī. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1425/2004.

Yaḥyā b. Sallām. Taṣārīf =

Yaḥyā b. Sallām al-Baṣrī. al-Taṣārīf: Tafsīr al-Qur’ān mimmā Ishtabahat Asmā’uhu wa-Taṣarrafat Maʿānīh, ed. Hind Shalabī (Amman: Mu’assasat Āl al-Bayt, 2007.

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al-Ḥamawī al-Rūmī, Yāqūt Ibn ʿAbdallāh. Muʿjam al-buldān. Ed. Ferdinand Wüstenfeld. 6 vols. Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus, 1866-1873. Ed. Farīd ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz al-Jundī. 7 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1990.

Zabīdī. Tāj =

al-Zabīdī, Muḥibb al-Dīn al-Sayyid Muḥammad Murtaḍā. Sharḥ al-qāmūs al-musammā Tāj al-ʿarūs min jawāhir al-Qāmūs. Ed. ʿAbd al-Sattār Aḥmad Farāj et al. 40 vols. Kuwait: Wizārat al-Irshād wal-Anbāʾ, 1385/1965.

Zajjāj. Maʿānī =

al-Zajjāj, Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm b. Muḥammad b. al-Sirrī. Maʿānī al-Qurʾān wa-iʿrābuh. Ed. ʿAbd al-Jalīl ʿAbduh Shalabī. 5 vols. Beirut: ʿĀlam al-Kutub, 1408⁄1988.

Zamakhsharī. Asās =

al-Zamakhsharī, Jār Allāh Abū al-Qāsim Maḥmūd b. ʿUmar. Asās al-balāgha. Beirut: Dār Ṣādir, 1965. Rept. Beirut: Dār Bayrūt, 1412/1992.

Zamakhsharī. Kashshāf =

al-Zamakhsharī, Jār Allāh Abū al-Qāsim Maḥmūd b. ʿUmar. al-Kashshāf ʿan ḥaqāʾiq ghawāmiḍ al-Tanzīl wa-ʿuyūn al-aqāwīl fī wujūh al-taʾwīl. Ed. ʿAdil Aḥmad ʿAbd al-Mawjūd et al. 6 vols. Riyadh: Maktabat al-ʿUbaykān, 1418/1998.

Zarkashī. Burhān =

al-Zarkashī, Badr al-Dīn Muḥammad b. ʿAbd Allāh. al-Burhān fī ʿulūm al-Qurʾān. Ed. Muḥammad Abū al-Faḍl Ibrāhīm. 4 vols. 3rd ed. Cairo: Dār al-Turāth, 1404/1984.

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